Autoflowering cannabis seeds and marijuana genetics are distinct from all other types of cannabis. Typically, cannabis plant varieties begin their flowering stage growth based on photoperiod.
Photoperiod is a word which describes the amount of light vs. dark time that a plant needs to grow. For example, when growing medical marijuana in the vegetative state, it is often recommended to give eighteen hours of light and six hours of complete darkness. This light cycle translates to a photoperiod of 18/6. This type of photoperiod imitates early spring conditions for our cannabis plants with long days and short nights. This light cycle indicates to the cannabis plant that its time to get big, grow lots of leaves, establish a robust root system, and accumulate needed nutrients for the flowering cycle and for producing cannabis seeds.
Induce Flowering Cycle In Regular Seeds
When the grower wants to induce the flowering period, they must shorten the photoperiod to twelve hours of light and twelve hours of complete darkness. This shortening of the photoperiod causes hormonal shifts in the cannabis plant, indicating that winter is coming, and it must begin the flowering stage to reproduce successfully.
Autoflowering Seeds & Photoperiod
Auto-flower marijuana seedlings are different from other cannabis varieties. The reason they’re different is due to the photoperiod not controlling whether your plant will grow in the vegetative or flowering states. Autoflower cannabis strains will grow vegetatively for a while and then enter the flowering stage on their own, regardless of photoperiod. This type of lighting schedule makes autoflower seeds ideal for growing outdoors in far northern regions where the photoperiod tends to stay long year-round. Autoflowering marijuana cultivars are also ideal for sticking in the corners of an indoor vegging room to utilize any extra grow space. Nothing wrong with a bumper crop!
Autoflower seeds distinct trait comes from Cannabis sativa var. ruderalis, an eastern European subspecies of marijuana. Ruderalis is renowned for her autoflowering trait, but generally lacks potency and aroma and does well to breed with drug varieties.