Cannabis Terms You Should Know
Cannabis terms can be confusing. There are some standard cannabis terms cannabis users and growers must understand in the world of marijuana. With cannabis growing in popularity, more people are joining the bandwagon and are getting confused with some cannabis terms. However, there is no need to be overwhelmed as you need to worry about only a few cannabis terms right now.
Common Cannabis Terms
The following terms can help inform and educate people who are new to the cannabis industry.
Marijuana, Hemp, and Cannabis Terms
These are the most confusing cannabis terms. The cannabis plant is scientifically known as Cannabis Sativa L but is also referred to as marijuana. There is no proven difference between the names cannabis and marijuana. There is, however, a difference between hemp and cannabis. Hemp is a type of cannabis that contains 0.3% or less THC content by dry weight. It is not intoxicating and has no psychoactive effects. It is relaxing when consumed, but it doesn’t make a person high. People have used hemp for centuries as food, building materials, and fuel. It has high levels of CBD, and studies show that it has numerous health benefits. Hemp grows tall and slim and is legal at the federal level in the United States.
Marijuana has psychoactive properties and can be used recreationally or medicinally. It contains more than 0.3% THC by dry weight and gets people high when consumed. Cannabis plants are not as tall as hemp. Marijuana is still illegal in the USA and is considered a Schedule 1 drug. However, some states have legalized it recently.
Sativa, Indica, Ruderalis and Hybrid
There are three primary species of the cannabis plant; indica, Sativa, and ruderalis. Sativa originated in tropical countries and does well in warmer weather. It has long finger-like leaves, takes longer to flower but has proportionally higher yields. Sativa has high levels of THC and is low in CBD. When consumed, it energizes and uplifts the user, increases alertness and creativity. It also stimulates appetite and helps relieve depression. Indica originated from subtropical countries and is short and stocky. They flower faster than Sativa. Indica has high levels of CBD and gives a more stoned effect when consumed. It reduces inflammation, relieves pain, increases appetite, aids in sleep, and may relieve stress and anxiety.
Ruderalis originated from cold areas and can be found growing in the wild. Ruderalis is autoflowering and flowers when it reaches a certain age, unlike Sativa and indica. It has low levels of THC and CBD. Ruderalis is bred with indica and Sativa to produce autoflowering strains with high levels of either THC or CBD. Hybrids are produced when producers and growers interbreed Sativa, indica, and ruderalis. The effects of hybrid strains depend on the dominant parent species.
Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that occur naturally in the cannabis plant. The primary cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana responsible for the high. It binds with cannabinoid 1 receptors in the brain to make the user high and causes a euphoric effect. THC can be used to relieve pain, insomnia, muscle spasticity and to improve appetite. CBD is not psychoactive and has been known to reduce the effects of THC. CBD does not make a person high or intoxicated. It may help relieve anxiety, pain, reduce acne, alleviate cancer symptoms, and treat epilepsy.
Terpenes are aromatic oils that are secreted in the same glands as cannabinoids. They give cannabis strains their distinct flavors, such as mint, citrus, diesel, and pine. Weather, soil type, age and maturation, fertilizers, and climate are factors that influence the development of terpenes. Some terpenes, such as mycerne, promote relaxation, while terpinolene gives an uplifting high. Limonene relieves stress and elevates mood. Terpenes’ effects may change when used with other compounds in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.
Edibles and Tinctures
These cannabis terms refer to ways of consuming cannabis. Each method of consuming cannabis has unique experiences and effects. Edibles are food items containing cannabis. Popular edibles include weed cookies and cannabis ice cream. It can take up to two hours for the high from edibles to hit but is more intense. Tinctures are cannabis extracts mainly administered under the tongue. The effects are felt quicker than taking edibles.
Cannabis strains come from either Sativa, indica, or hybrids. It refers to a variant of cannabis, and understanding strains help users distinguish one type of strain from another. Strains can be defined by their botanical lineages, chemical composition, and appearance. Examples of strains include Blue Dream, Sweet Skunk, and White Widow.
The endocannabinoid system is a cell-signaling system found in most animals. It has several functions, including regulating sleep, mood, appetite, memory, reproduction, and fertility. Cannabis acts on the endocannabinoid system when consumed and changes the normal functioning of the body.
Cannabinoid receptors are part of the endocannabinoid system. They are activated by plant cannabinoids such as CBD and THC, endocannabinoids produced by the body, and synthetic cannabinoids. There are two cannabinoid receptors: cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1) and cannabinoid 2 receptors (CB2). CB1 receptors are expressed in the brain, while CB2 receptors are expressed in the immune system. THC binds with CB1 receptors to produce psychoactive effects, while CBD has little affinity to bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Final Thought About Cannabis Terms
Although growers need to stay knowledgeable, there is no need to let the jargon confuse you. Study the above cannabis terms, then try some of our premium quality cannabis seeds. As always, feel free to contact us about our unique marijuana seeds strains or wholesale opportunities.
Did we miss something? Share some other cannabis terms in the comment section below.